Ingredients Reference Guide and Glossary

  Arnica - Clinical trials have suggested benefits of using topically for osteoarthritis (PM1).  Additionally, it is believed to significantly reduce bruising as well as reducing pain and inflammation in muscles and joints.  We use Arnica in our Original and Sport formulas of Topical Pain Relief lotions.

  Aloe Vera - A succulent plant species of the genus Aloe. It grows wild in tropical climates around the world and is cultivated for agricultural and medicinal uses.  Anecdotal evidence suggests that aloe can be used topically for moisturizing, reducing redness, improving psoriasis outbreaks, and reducing inflammation.  We use Aloe Vera in our Original and Sport formulas of Topical Pain Relief lotions as well as our Anti-Aging cream.

  Camphor - Often used topically to increase local blood flow and as a “counterirritant”, which reduces pain and swelling by causing irritation.  We use Camphor in our Original formula of Topical Pain Relief lotions.

  Cayenne - The topical application of cayenne pepper causes irritation in the applied area, thus helping to distract the nerves from joint pains due to arthritis. Some reports indicate that the aroma of cayenne helps to relieve a headache.

  Chamomile - Chamomile actually refers to a range of different daisy-like plants, which are a member of the Asteraceae family. There are many different species of chamomile, the two most common being German chamomile (Marticaria recutita) and Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile). They have been used since Ancient times for their calming and anti-inflammatory properties.

Cinnamon - Cinnamon oil is obtained from the bark and leaves of Cinnamomum Verum trees. It is believed to increase blood flow, has a pleasant spicy aroma, and is a natural mosquito repellent.

Clove - Clove oil is often used in aromatic formulas to reduce stress, in topical formulations to increase blood flow and as an anti-inflammatory.  Like cinnamon oil, it can also act as an insect repellent.

Fir Needle - Known to some as "the forest healer", fir needle oil is extracted from the Silver Fir Tree (Abies Balsamea) and has been used in Western and Ayurvedic medicine for muscular pain and arthritis.  In aromatherapy, it is used to relieve tension and stress.

Lavender - Lavender essential oil is derived from the flowers of the lavender plant. It is known as an excellent remedy for various types of pains including those caused by sore and tense muscles.  The ancient Greeks believed it to be a cure all.  They used it to treat everything from muscle aches to insomnia.  It is often used in aromatherapy for relaxation.

Lemon - Lemon oil is known to be revitalizing and uplifting.  Some believe that it can both calm and stimulate with its fresh, citrus fragrance.

Lemongrass - Lemongrass oil is believed to be effective in resolving a number of first aid woes.  Called a powerful analgesic, it is said to offer immediate topical pain relief and reduce inflammation.

Peppermint - Peppermint is derived from the peppermint plant, a cross between watermint and spearmint.  Some find relief from muscle and joint pain when used topically, while others have reported relief from headache pain and stress.

Rosemary - Rosemary essential oil is promoted for its ability to relieve pain.  It is said to be widely used in treating headaches, muscle pains, and even arthritis.

Wild Orange - One of the strongest essential oils, Wild Orange Oil is used to both reduce stress and increase energy.

Wintergreen - Wintergreen oil is known for its pain-relieving effects, which can help alleviate headache, muscle soreness, joint pain, tendonitis, and arthritis. Wintergreen oil's analgesic effect comes from the methyl salicylate (an aspirin-like compound) it contains.